Tamko la ndg. Kabwe Zuberi Ruyagwa Zitto kuhusu Rasilimali na Madeni
Ndugu Watanzania, Kama mnavyofahamu kuwa ibara ya 132(4) na (5) na Sheria ya Maadili ya Viongozi wa Umma, Sheria namba 13 ya mwaka 1995 inataka viongozi wote wa umma kujaza fomu za Tamko la Rasilimali na Madeni. Tamko hilo huwasilishwa Sekretariat ya Maadili ya Viongozi kabla ya mwisho wa kila mwaka. Kama nifanyavyo siku zote, nawajulisha rasmi kwamba nimetimiza matakwa hayo ya katiba na sheria kuhusu Maadili ya Viongozi.
Inafahamika kuwa Chama Cha ACT Wazalendo, kwa mujibu wa Katiba yake na Azimio la Tabora, kimeelekeza kuwa Viongozi wake wote waweke wazi kwa Umma Tamko la Mali, Madeni na Maslahi. Kwa kufuata masharti ya Katiba ya Chama Cha ACT Wazalendo natangaza rasmi fomu zangu nilizowasilisha Leo Sekretariat ya Maadili ya Viongozi wa Umma.
Ni matumaini yangu kwamba itafikia wakati Daftari la Rasilimali na Madeni la Viongozi wa Umma litakuwa linawekwa wazi kwa Umma ili wananchi waweze kujua Mali, Madeni na Maslahi ya Viongozi wao na pale ambapo kiongozi ametoa habari zisizo sahihi au kuficha mwananchi aweze kutoa Taarifa kwenye Sekretariat na Baraza la Maadili liweze kufanya kazi yake ipsavyo.
Mfumo wa kuweka wazi Rasilimali na Madeni ya Viongozi wa Umma ni mfumo endelevu na muhimu kwenye vita vita dhidi ya ubadhirifu na ufisadi. Mataifa kadhaa duniani hutumia mfumo huu ( public disclosure of leaders’ assets and liabilities) kuwezesha mapambano dhidi ya rushwa na ufisadi. Nchini Uingereza na Kanada kwa mfano, daftari la matamko ya Rasilimali na Madeni ya Viongozi lipo wazi kwa kila mwananchi kuona na huuzwa kwenye duka la vitabu la Bunge.
Namsihi Sana Rais John Pombe Magufuli kusaidia kufanya mabadiliko makubwa ya Sheria ya maadili ya Viongozi ili kurejesha na kuboresha Miiko ya Viongozi katika kuimarisha vita dhidi ya ufisadi nchini. Rais aliahidi kuweka wazi Mshahara wake alipokuwa anazungumza katika kipindi cha 360 cha Clouds TV. Ninamkumbusha afanye hivyo na pia aweke wazi Mali, Madeni na Maslahi yake ya Kibiashara ili awe mfano kwa Viongozi wengine Nchini.
Kabwe Zuberi Ruyagwa Zitto, Mb
FOMU ZA MAADILI KIONGOZI WA CHAMA 1/2
FOMU ZA MAADILI KIONGOZI WA CHAMA 2/2
Vitabu 53 nilivyosoma mwaka 2016
Mwaka 2016 nimesoma vitabu 53. Nimeongeza vitabu nilivyosoma tofauti na mwaka 2015 lakini sikuweza kufikia idadi ya mwaka 2014 ambapo nilisoma vitabu 56. Hiyo ndio rekodi ya juu zaidi tangu nilipoanza kuorodhesha vitabu nilivyosoma mnamo mwaka 2012. Mwaka 2013 niliorodhesha vitabu vichache zaidi nilivyosoma.
Mafanikio makubwa ya mwaka huu ni kuongeza vitabu vya Riwaya (fiction), ingawa mtaona mwandishi mmoja, Jeffrey Archer amejitokeza sana kuliko wengine. Hiyo ni kutokana na kusoma kazi yake moja nzuri na yenye mafunzo mengi sana kwa wanasiasa iitwayo First Among Equals. Kazi hiyo ilinifungua macho na kuanza kusoma Clifton Chronicles (vitabu 7) na kufuatia mapendekezo ya wanaonifuata kwenye mtandao wa kijamii wa Instagram niliweza kupata vitabu vingine vya mwandishi huyu. Kwangu mimi Bwana Jeffrey Archer ni Mwandishi wa Riwaya Bora wa Mwaka 2016.
Licha kutaka kuanza na Gavana Ben Bernanke, nilijikuta naanza na vitabu kuhusu Russia na Rais wa nchi hiyo Vladimir Putin. Msukumo huo ulitokana na namna nilivyomsoma Mtawala mpya wa Tanzania Rais John Magufuli kulinganisha na Kiongozi wa zamani wa nchi yetu Rais Jakaya Kikwete. Kitabu nilichoanza nacho mwaka 2016 ni The Strongman: Vladimir Putin and the Struggle for Russia kilichoandikwa na Angus Roxburgh. Baada ya kusoma kitabu hiki nilijikuta ninanunua vitabu vingi kuhusu Urusi, Putin, Udikteta, Demokrasia na Maendeleo ili kuweza kuelewa mwelekeo wa Siasa za Tanzania za sasa. Vitabu hivyo vimenisaidia sana kujua namna ya kutafsiri watawala wapya kiasi cha kuunda neno Dikteta Mamboleo (neo-dictatorship) na kuipa tafsiri yake mnamo tarehe 29 Septemba 2016; kwamba Dikteta Mamboleo ni mtawala ambaye ana uzalendo usio tiliwa shaka na anahangaika kuleta maendeleo ya nchi yake lakini hataki kuhojiwa kwa namna yeyote ile.
Mwaka 2016 pia ulinifunua kuhusu uwezo mkubwa na umahiri wa wachapishaji wa Vitabu wa ndani. Nilipata fursa adhimu ya kuzungumza na Mzee Walter Bgoya wa Mkuki na Nyota Publishers. Vitabu kadhaa nilivyosoma katika orodha ya mwaka huu vimechapishwa na Mkuki na Nyota. Nilijifunza mengi mapya ya historia ya nchi yetu na Afrika nzima. Juzuu za masimulizi ya Ukombozi wa Kusini mwa Afrika nilizipata kutoka Mkuki na Nyota na humo nilipata mambo mapya mengi sana. Kisa kimoja kinachonichekesha kila nikumbukapo ni hadithi ya Rais Khama (baba) wa Botswana alivyobeba machungwa kwenye ndege kumletea zawadi Mwalimu Nyerere akimtania kuwa sera zake za Ujamaa zilileta njaa nchini.
Mwaka huu ninawawekea mapema vitabu nilivyosoma tofauti na miaka iliyopita kwa sababu kwa uwezo wake Manani sitaweza kusoma vitabu vingine baada ya leo kwani nitakuwa na majukumu ya malezi. Karibu kwenye orodha ya vitabu vyangu mwaka 2016.
- The Strongman: Vladimir Putin and struggle for Russia – Augus Roxburgh
- Putin’s Progress – Peter Truscott
- The Putin Mystique: Inside Russia’s Power Cult – Anna Arutunyan
- The Invention of Russia: The Journey from Gorbachev’s Freedom to Putin’s War – Arkady Ostrovsky
- I am going to Ruin Their Lives: Inside Putin’s War on Russian Opposition – Marc Bennet
- Red Notice: How I became Putin’s no 1 enemy: Bill Browell
- Ruling Russia: Authoritarianism from the Revolution to Putin – William Zimmerman
- Dictator’s Learning Curve: Inside the global debate for Democracy – William Dobson
- Dictator’s Handbook: Why bad behavior is almost good politics – Bruce Buener de Mesquita and Alastair Smith
- Dictator – Tom Cain
- The Warlord- James Steel
- Tanzania: A Political Economy ( 2nd Ed ) – Andrew Coulson
- Thieves of the State: Why corruption threatens global security – Sarah Chayes
- How to Run A Country – Marcus Tullius Cicero
- The End of Karma: Hope and fury among India’s young – Somini Sengupta
- The Hidden Wealth of Nations: The scourge of tax havens – Gabriel Zucman
- Mystery of Capital – Hernando De Soto
- So long a letter – Mariama Ba ( Special thanks to January Makamba for recommending this to Bunge Readers’ Club )
- The Fifth Mountain – Paulo Coelho
- First Among Equals – J. Archer
- Kane and Abel – J. Archer
- Best Kept Secret – J. Archer
- The Sins of the Father – J. Archer
- Only Time Will Tell – J. Archer
- Shall we Tell the President – J. Archer
- Mightier Than The Sword – J. Archer
- The Fourth Estate – J. Archer
- Honour Among Thieves – J. Archer
- Cometh The Hour – J. Archer
- This was a Man – J. Archer
- The New Collected Short Stories – J. Archer
- Building a Peaceful Nation – Bjerk
- Burundi Peace Dialogue- Pierre Buyoya
- Burundi: The Biography of a small African Nation – Nigel Weltt
- The Thabo Mbeki I know – ed. Sifiso Mxolisi and Miranda Staydom (Special Thanks to Amb. Ami Mpungwe, a contributor to the very book)
- Clinton Cash – Peter Schweizer
- Connectography: Mapping the Global Network Revolution – Parag Khanna
- The Rohingyas: Inside Myanmar’s Hidden Genocide – Azeem Ibrahim
- Stringer: A Reporter’s Journey in the Congo – Anjan Sundaram
- Uchambuzi wa Sera, Uongozi na Maslahi ya Watanzania – CSL Chachage
- Haki, Amani na Maendeleo: Nafasi na Wajibu wa Mahakama Tanzania – S J Bwana
- Wanawake wa TANU – Susan Geiger (a special thanks to my wife for bringing this home)
- African Socialism or Socialist Africa – A M Babu ( Special Thanks to Dr. Khamis Kigwangalla for suggesting it to Bunge Readers Club and Ezekiel Kamwaga who lent it to me )
- The Courage to Act – Ben Bernanke
- The Litigators – John Grisham
- White Lioness – Henning Mankell
- The Dogs of Riga – H. Mankell
- Fifth Woman – H. Mankell
- Kennedy’s Brain – H. Mankell
- Treachorous Paradise – H. Mankell
- Harusi ya Dogoli – Athumani Mauya
- Mlinzi Mkuu wa Mwalimu Nyerere – Peter Bwimbo
- The Hashim Mbita Project: Southern African Liberation Struggles Contemporaneous documents ( 1960 – 1994 Volumes 1, 3, 5, 6 & 7 ) – Ed. A J Temu and J N Tembe
Will the real Opposition emerge under Magufuli’s repressive CCM?
When President Magufuli was addressing a political rally in Manyoni Township, Singida region on the 29th July 2016, he referred to the opposition in Tanzania as a dying snake. He said “after you cut off a snake’s head, it keeps thrashing its tail. You may think it hasn’t died, but it has”. It appears that he believes the recent announced move of protests by the leading opposition party in Tanzania, CHADEMA, are signs of a dying party. He said “where are those parties? They are dead.” In the same rally he dared CHADEMA to go to the streets and demonstrate. The President threatened in ‘street’ Swahili “watakiona cha mtema kuni. Wasinijaribu. Sijaribiki.” Meaning he isn’t testable and he will crash them heavily.
CHADEMA announced a new operation called UKUTA, meaning an alliance against dictatorship in Tanzania. The Swahili word ‘ Umoja’, which I translated here as an alliance, is actually misused since it was the decision of one party. Even parties under UKAWA, a consortium of opposition parties that supports the people’s constitution, are not part of UKUTA. How CHADEMA ended up using the word Umoja is either a result of arrogance, ignorance or simply a lack of a proper word to have in an announce-able term UKUTA, which literarily means the WALL. President Magufuli may have interpreted the lack of an actual alliance as an indication of the fall of UKAWA, thus the snake parable.
The President is prone to issuing threats. He appears to enjoy it. In his coronation as the chairperson of CCM, he raised eyebrows when he said that had he been a CCM leader during its presidential primaries, he would have liquidated all CCM congress national executive members who were pro-Edward Lowassa. When the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces makes a remark like that, it is really threatening. If he cannot tolerate dissent within his own party what will he do to the opposition? The dead snake parable leaves a lot to be desired.
For years opposition activists and some political analysts have been predicting the end of the CCM regime. In the course of three elections, CCM’s popularity has been dwindling from 80% in the year 2005 to 61% in 2010 and 58% in 2015 (if we can take official Presidential elections results as an indication of overall party popularity). The last election was a clear test of CCM’s ability to maintain power as several of its influential members left for the opposition including two Former Prime Ministers who are now in CHADEMA. However, since the election of Magufuli as President and eventually the head of CCM, the party seems to be charting ways to survive. Will CCM survive? Will the opposition thrive? These are the questions I attempt to put to the readers of this article and our political analysts who are seemingly muted.
CCM is an authoritarian party in all sense and purpose. It is a dominant single party with some ability to adapt. President Kikwete’s methods of adaptation were through opening up; for example, allowing the Parliament to hold the Executive to account. He lost a prime minister following a parliamentary work and reshuffled his cabinet thrice, strengthened the National Audit Office and allowed free debate of the Controller and Auditor General (CAG) report of government accounts and did not hinder opposition parties to operate freely and organize. He faced criticism within CCM for being too liberal and later the opposition called him weak. Kikwete’s guided nomination of Magufuli as CCM presidential candidate is arguably one of his Machiavellian tactics of survival. President Magufuli in particular and CCM in general takes the opposite route to Kikwete. The true colours of an authoritarian, dominant CCM are starting to show.
Authoritarian parties like CCM have two main goals. First, to hold onto power by eliminating real and perceived threats. Second, to generate popular support in order to achieve development goals. In his book, The Dictator’s Dilemma, Bruce Dickson (2016) observes that the above goals are achieved through the survival strategy of legitimation, co-optation and repression.
President Magufuli’s legitimation process is through war on corruption, ambitious development agenda and straight talk to the population. After he came to power in November 2015, he launched a crackdown against corruption and has continued the crackdown ever since. He has as well announced anti corruption crackdown within CCM. His anti corruption platform has been a platform of the opposition for a decade. The author and his colleagues, like the former CHADEMA Secretary General, Wilbrod Slaa, used the parliament to legitimise opposition politics by raising corruption scandals and holding the government to account. The opposition in general and CHADEMA in particular lost the platform during the 2015 elections and literally handed it to the CCM candidate. Other parties like ACT Wazalendo had a more clear agenda on anti-corruption but its voice wasn’t heard in the campaign dominated by two candidates, one from CCM and the other a former CCM ex-Prime Minister running under the opposition alliance ticket of UKAWA. The CCM candidate was announced winner and he wasted no time in starting an anti-corruption agenda. He now owns it.
Tanzanians hated CCM because of, among other things, its inherently corrupt nature. The people of Tanzania have started to fall in love with the new no nonsense leader. He got them instantly and the opposition lost an agenda despite trying to discredit him on his lack of following due process. The opposition used elitist arguments. The common man and woman just wants action, not legal technicalities and that’s what the President is giving them.
President Magufuli sugarcoated the anti-corruption agenda with an ambitious development agenda. Every time he speaks he reiterates the industrialisation agenda. He uses a simple language that wananchi understand. Pockets of the urban-based, middle to upper class segments of the country see his agenda as unclear and largely ambiguous. But many more Tanzanians have swallowed the message as it is wholeheartedly. There is limited evidence of the President’s successful implementation of his development agenda. All projects he has opened to date are projects that were started under Kikwete. But citizens don’t care. Because he has won them on anti-corruption. The President currently talks about new aircrafts for dying Air Tanzania and people cheer while less than 5% of them fly. He got it. He won the narrative. The opposition lost it.
The President has embraced CCM cadres who lost the CCM primaries during the 2015 parliamentary elections. With this action, he has kept most members of the 11th parliament on their toes. Losers of the primaries are being ‘fed’ to be able to go back and contest against sitting members in the next election. Sitting members will now work to please the President so that, as the chairman of their party, he doesn’t cut them off during the nomination in 2020. In short, President Magufuli has created a shadow parliament of his own. The political genius many people underestimate. He now has a carrot and stick for Members of Parliament (MPs). He has a cat to threaten most of them. As a result, we will likely witness a parliament that becomes more toothless and subservient. Haven’t we already started seeing that?
Some sectors of society, sectors important to a vibrant and open democracy, face quiet co-option. Academia and media come to mind. Open repression is reserved for political parties. The President himself announced a ban on public rallies by political parties. The ban is completely unconstitutional and against political parties’ enabling legislation. In his address at Manyoni on the 29th July he clarified by allowing Members of Parliament to conduct rallies in their own constituencies and since he is the President he is the only one who can do rallies all over the country. This move is an effort to channel only one point of view to the public – that’s of the President and his party and in the process frustrate other parties into oblivion.
Under those circumstances many people have started to write obituaries for the opposition.
However, I would still argue that these circumstances are at times a necessary condition for the rise of real opposition politics. One-agenda politics must pave way for issues-based politics. Repression is conducive for likeminded members of the opposition parties to work together without worries. The liberal approach of President Kikwete created an environment of envy amongst comrades and a sense of ‘it is our time to eat’. It has had detrimental consequences for politics and development in the country, and for the welfare of the opposition.
The real opposition will have to engage in providing a critical analysis of the regime and offer an alternative policy. Issues like budget management will be critical as signs are out there that the fifth phase government will have more adverse audit opinion than any other before. Out of budget expenditures are rampant and more threatening is the drawdown of foreign reserve. It has never happened in the previous 20 years for the Tanzanian foreign reserve to decline and it was happening even before Magufuli started to implement his budget. US$500m has been withdrawn from our foreign reserve between November 2015 and June 2016. The amount remaining is enough to serve the country only for 3.6 months. The best practice for developing countries is to have a reserve enough to cover at least 6 months.
Tax revenues are still at the levels of the previous administration. High profile announcements of monthly revenues collection are no longer there because the taxman was collecting arrears and the government attacks ‘the chicken laying golden eggs’ i.e. the business community, without adequately investing in alternative sources of revenue for the country.
These are the issues the opposition must bring up. Well-articulated issues backed by expert evidence. Critical analysis of data and of government actions and reactions. The era of scandal-raising politics is over; the regime has co-opted it. Only politics of solutions can support the opposition now. The steady slide towards repression must be fought vehemently. But if the opposition does not articulate issues affecting the day to day lives of people, the repression will be supported by people. A coalition of likeminded people who have credentials to fight against corruption and articulate developmental politics must emerge and take up the ideological bankruptcy existing in the country now. Lack of issues and business as usual weaken the opposition and discredit most of our moves, including the recent UKUTA operation.
Once our modus operandi changes and we start tackling issues and articulate them, the real opposition will emerge, stronger and ready to govern.
Call fresh elections in Zanzibar
ACT Wazalendo is a party that stands firm on democracy and the due process that comes with it, steadfast in ensuring that the voice of the people is heard and adhered too without compromising on the principles of democracy.
What has transpired in Zanzibar has left us both in awe and disgust on how certain individuals can manipulate the system to best suite their crude desire for power. Right after the nullification of the elections in Zanzibar, ACT Wazalendo was firm in its stand that democracy was being toyed with and that the Zanzibari peoples wishes were not respected. It is the party’s firm belief that Maalim Seif Sharif Hamad was the chosen president for the people and by the people.
We raised ten (10) points of caution to President Magufuli; as the custodian of democracy in the United Republic of Tanzania for him to take to task, one of them being the current situation in Zanzibar showing all signs of lacking any democratic decorum. This plea unfortunately fell on deaf ears and the outcome of this negligence was the re-run of the Zanzibar election in March, which to date still bids the question of the legality and mannerism of how it was conducted.
ACT Wazalendo continues its fight for a booming democratic environment in Zanzibar that would foster the growth of new age politicians who are not intimidated by sheer police brutality or the power of the state. With this stand, ACT Wazalendo, has continually denounced the legality of the election in Zanzibar and has chosen not to recognise the current government of Zanzibar in its totality for, if there is ever a doubt that ones rights are infringed the party will not stand by those who infringing the rights of another.
Chaos breeds fear and fear has no part in the struggle to attain justice. Dr. Shein recently has been quoted saying “I am not afraid of Maalim Seif, for he does not have no posses tanks or ammunition”. In hindsight he is right, Maalim Seif does not possess the power and might of the state, after the sabotage that took place in October 2016 he is merely a citizen and former 2nd Vice president of Zanzibar. But let us not forget that he also happens to be the leader of a group of people on the Isles, maybe he does not require military might to be feared all he needs to do is get the attention of his followers. Maybe this was the trigger effect that made the army interrogate the politician when he simply wanted to practice his democratic right to be heard.
ACT Wazalendo cannot condone the words said by Dr. Shein, for one they are beneath him and beneath any self respecting citizen of the United Republic of Tanzania, we were liberated; one half by good diplomacy and the other half by force. It would be wise for Dr. Shein to remember the seat that he is clinging on comes with its own history, and it should be a lesson to him no to mock the people by threatening them with military might, after all the Sultan of Oman, not only had his army but also the backing of the then hegemony United Kingdom, this did not stop those who could not stand injustice to stand up against military might. Words such as those uttered by Dr. Shein only work to remind us that Zanzibar is not a step sibling that we can ignore, that such mishap and insensitivity from a seasoned politician leaves the isle vulnerable to many a thing, we do not want to see our brothers and sisters shed blood…again.
As a party, ACT Wazalendo is fully aware of the hardship that faces the Zanzibar people, the political tension translates to a stagnant economy and a demoralised society. We do understand that there is a need for the people to take control of their state but we firmly believe and have not lost hope that the process be ballot and not bullet. One way of ensuring that the Zanzibari people walk away the winners and not just the politician, is for those who want to serve the people to lower themselves and consider their people first and not self gratification.
If we may, let us restart the clock again for Zanzibar, go to the ballot and ensure that the peoples wishes are respected no matter what the outcome maybe. Some may argue that how can we restart the clock? That at no point in time can a state be without a leader. For this we say, have a transitional government that comprises of members from all political players on the isles, let that government involve people who are respected by all fractions of Zanzibaris.
Possibly the greatest thing for the Zanzibari people to do is to ignore the blatant attack on their integrity and rights by Dr. Shein, for he may have not known better. Let history be a reminder for him and a point to remember for the people on the isles that throughout oppressors have met an unfavourable outcomes, we do not wish to see the same for Zanzibar no do we wish for their good name to be tarnished.
Zitto Kabwe, MP
Party Leader, ACT Wazalendo