Zitto na Demokrasia

Zitto na Demokrasia

Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

Nini kifanyike Tanzania?

leave a comment »

Nini kifanyike Tanzania?

Zitto Kabwe

nyerere

Hali yetu ya sasa
Ni dhahiri kuwa hofu imetanda miongoni mwa Watanzania. Ingawa watawala na mashabiki wao hukanusha jambo hili, ukweli ni kuwa nina amini wao wenyewe ndani ya mioyo yao wanakiri kuwa nchi sasa inaendeshwa kwa hofu na wananchi wamejaa hofu kubwa.

Hivi sasa mwananchi akifanya jambo lolote linaloonekana kuwa kinyume na fikra za watawala, wenzake wanamtazama kwa jicho kuwa atakuwa mhanga wa vitisho, mateso, kutekwa, kupotea ama kubambikiwa kesi.

Hakika jamii iliyojaa hofu haiwezi kuwa jamii huru na kamwe haiwezi kupata maendeleo.

Hofu hii iliyotamalaki imekomazwa na matendo ya utawala kukandamiza uhuru wa watu kujieleza, kupata/kupasha habari, kukusanyika na kuhoji/kukosoa Serikali yao. Hizi ni haki za kikatiba ambazo wajibu wa Serikali ni kuzilinda.

Tumeshuhudia wananchi na haswa vijana wakishtakiwa mahakamani kwa makosa yatokanayo na haki yao ya kujieleza kwenye mitandao ya kijamii. Baadhi ya vijana wamehukumiwa vifungo ama kulipa faini.

Mmiliki wa mtandao wa JamiiForums, mtandao wenye kutoa mawazo huru kwa wananchi na kwa muda uliochangia kwa kiasi kikubwa vita dhidi ya ufisadi nchini, Maxence Melo bado anaendelea na kesi zilizofunguliwa dhidi yake ikiwa sehemu ya vitisho vya dola ambavyo pamoja na shauri hilo amekuwa akilazimishwa kutoa majina ya wachangiaji wa mtandao huo.

Licha ya kwamba katiba yetu inaruhusu vyama vya siasa kufanya mikutano ya hadhara na kujitangaza, kuandikisha wanachama, kukosoa sera za Serikali na hata kueneza sera mbadala, Serikali kupitia amri isiyo ya kikatiba wala kisheria ya Rais imezuia vyama kufanya shughuli zake hizo halali.

Matamko halali kabisa ya kisiasa ya wanasiasa sasa yanachukuliwa kama ni uchochezi na watoa matamko kushtakiwa kwa makosa ya jinai ikiwemo kwa kutumia sheria mpya kandamizi ya huduma za habari (The Media Services Act 2016 ).

Tumeshuhudia wabunge wakifungwa jela kwa makosa ya matamko ya kisiasa ambayo yangepaswa kujibiwa kisiasa tu kutoka upande wa pili ( watawala ).

Hivi sasa viongozi wakuu wa vyama vya upinzani wanakwenda mahakamani kila wiki kujibu tuhuma za kisiasa, lengo likiwa ni kuwapotezea muda na kuwajaza hofu washindwe kufanya shughuli zao ipasavyo.

Utawala umeweza kusambaza hofu kwa kugusa kila kundi katika jamii. Wanasiasa wanatishiwa na kesi za uchochezi, kutekwa au majaribio ya kuuawa kwa kupigwa risasi mchana kweupe ndani ya eneo lenye ulinzi mkubwa.

Waandishi wa Habari wanatishwa kwa ama vyombo vya habari kama magazeti kufungiwa au kutekwa na kutoonekana kabisa; Wakulima bei za mazao yao zimeporomoshwa makusudi kutokana na maamuzi ya hovyo ya kisera ya Serikali; Wavuvi wanachomewa nyavu zao na mitumbu yao kuchomwa moto; Wafugaji wanaondolewa kwenye maeneo yao ya malisho ili kuanzisha ranchi binafsi na wengine kuuwawa; Wafanyabiashara wanabambikiwa kesi ama kodi kubwa ili kuwakomesha na kuweka utii kwa dola; Wanawake wanatukanwa na kudhalilishwa ikiwemo kuwanyima fursa ya kujiendeleza kimasomo watoto wa kike wanaopata uja uzito mashuleni.

Viongozi wa dini wanaojaribu kuhoji watawala wanachunguzwa uraia wao; Wanaharakati wa asasi za kijamii wanaotoa mawazo yasiyopendeza watawala wanatangazwa sio raia wa Tanzania na asasi zao kutishiwa kufutwa kwa kutungiwa kanuni kandamizi za uendeshaji wa asasi hizo.

Wananchi kwa ujumla wanaumizwa na hali mbaya ya uchumi inayotokana na maamuzi ya hovyo ya kisera ya Serikali katika utekelezaji wa miradi mikubwa ya maendeleo. Wananchi wa Zanzibar wamenyimwa haki ya kuongozwa na Serikali waliyoichagua katika uchaguzi mkuu wa mwaka 2015. Hakuna kundi katika jamii ambalo limebakizwa, kila kundi limeguswa.

Tunataka nini?
Kwa maoni yangu Watanzania wengi wanapenda kuwa huru; Uhuru wa Mawazo, kujieleza, kukusanyika nk. Nadhani tunataka Tanzania yenye raia wenye uhuru kwa mujibu wa Katiba. Vyama vya siasa viwe huru kufanya shughuli zao bila bugudha na kwa mujibu wa sheria, Bunge la Wananchi liwe huru kuisimamia Serikali bila kuzongwazongwa na Watendaji, vyombo vya habari viwe huru kuandika/kutangaza habari bila woga wala upendeleo; Wananchi wawe huru kuikosoa serikali dhidi ya sera zake kandamizi zinazowasokomeza kwenye umasikini, Wazanzibari wapate haki yao ya uchaguzi (electoral justice) waliyoporwa Oktoba 2015 na viongozi wa dini na asasi za kiraia wawe huru kufanya kazi zao bila vitisho. Kiufupi tunataka nchi ya kidemokrasia ambayo asasi za kidemokrasia zinatimiza wajibu wao kwa uhuru.

Tufanye nini?
Sasa wakati umefika wa kujenga mshikamano kurejesha demokrasia tuliyokuwa nayo nchini na kujenga demokrasia madhubuti ambayo haitachezewa tena na yeyote. Haitoshi kila mtu kusema lake kwa wakati wake anapoguswa na matendo ya kidikteta, tunapaswa kuwa na sauti nyingi lakini zinazoratibiwa ili kuhakikisha kuwa tunalinda haki za watu na kuhami uchumi wa nchi wetu usiendelee kuporomoka. Tunapaswa kuwa na harakati za kutetea haki za kijamii (social justice), haki za kujieleza (freedom of speech) na Demokrasia. Tunapaswa kujenga vuguvugu pana la watu  a broad based popular movement) ili kuleta mabadiliko ya kijamii, kiuchumi na kisiasa.
Ili kujenga vuguvugu hili ni lazima kuweka mbele maslahi mapana ya Taifa letu na kuachana na maslahi binafsi ambayo yamekuwa yakitawala siasa za Tanzania kwa miongo miwili sasa bila mafanikio ya maana. Ni lazima kukubali ukweli kuwa, kwa hali ya nchi ilivyo sasa hakuna chama kimoja pekee ama kundi la jamii moja pekee linaweza kukabili utawala dhalimu wa kidikteta uliopo nchini na kushinda. Wasioweza kuukabili ubinafsi wao kwenye mambo haya tuwaombe basi wauweke kama akiba kisha tukimaliza kazi hii ya mabadiliko waendelee nao. Kila jambo tufanyalo lazima lijibu swali ‘ hili linatusaidia kutufikisha kwenye lengo la kuondoa utawala wa kidikteta nchini?’

Ni lazima tuwe na mshikamano katika kukabili dubwana tunalokabiliana nalo. Hatupaswi kuruhusu hata siku moja ya ziada baada ya uchaguzi mkuu wa mwaka 2020 tukiwa na ‘regime’ hii tuliyonayo sasa.

Hili ni jambo linalowezekana iwapo tutakuwa na mshikamano madhubuti bila kujali vyama vyetu vya siasa.

Watanzania wapo tayari, wanapaswa kuongozwa tu. Uongozi huu ni lazima uwe na watu wasiopenda yanayoendelea nchini ndani ya watawala, walio nje ya watawala, Wafanyakazi, Wakulima, Wavuvi, Wafugaji, Vjana, Wanawake, Wafanyabiashara, wana harakati na kila mtu anayetaka Tanzania na Zanzibar zilizo njema zenye Uhuru na Demokrasia.

Tunaweza tukiamua. Haya #twenzetu tukaunde vuguvugu hili kuanzia mitaani tunamoishi, vijijini na mijini.

Dar Es Salaam
5/11/2018

Advertisements

Written by zittokabwe

November 5, 2018 at 8:23 PM

Posted in Uncategorized

Investor’s Guide KIGOMA UJIJI 2017 @KigomaUjijiMC

with 4 comments

View this document on Scribd

Tamko la ndg. Kabwe Zuberi Ruyagwa Zitto kuhusu Rasilimali na Madeni

with 3 comments

Tamko la ndg. Kabwe Zuberi Ruyagwa Zitto kuhusu Rasilimali na Madeni

Ndugu Watanzania, Kama mnavyofahamu kuwa ibara ya 132(4) na (5) na Sheria ya Maadili ya Viongozi wa Umma, Sheria namba 13 ya mwaka 1995 inataka viongozi wote wa umma kujaza fomu za Tamko la Rasilimali na Madeni. Tamko hilo huwasilishwa Sekretariat ya Maadili ya Viongozi kabla ya mwisho wa kila mwaka. Kama nifanyavyo siku zote, nawajulisha rasmi kwamba nimetimiza matakwa hayo ya katiba na sheria kuhusu Maadili ya Viongozi.

Inafahamika kuwa Chama Cha ACT Wazalendo, kwa mujibu wa Katiba yake na Azimio la Tabora, kimeelekeza kuwa Viongozi wake wote waweke wazi kwa Umma Tamko la Mali, Madeni na Maslahi. Kwa kufuata masharti ya Katiba ya Chama Cha ACT Wazalendo natangaza rasmi fomu zangu nilizowasilisha Leo Sekretariat ya Maadili ya Viongozi wa Umma.

Ni matumaini yangu kwamba itafikia wakati Daftari la Rasilimali na Madeni la Viongozi wa Umma litakuwa linawekwa wazi kwa Umma ili wananchi waweze kujua Mali, Madeni na Maslahi ya Viongozi wao na pale ambapo kiongozi ametoa habari zisizo sahihi au kuficha mwananchi aweze kutoa Taarifa kwenye Sekretariat na Baraza la Maadili liweze kufanya kazi yake ipsavyo.

Mfumo wa kuweka wazi Rasilimali na Madeni ya Viongozi wa Umma ni mfumo endelevu na muhimu kwenye vita vita dhidi ya ubadhirifu na ufisadi. Mataifa kadhaa duniani hutumia mfumo huu ( public disclosure of leaders’ assets and liabilities) kuwezesha mapambano dhidi ya rushwa na ufisadi. Nchini Uingereza na Kanada kwa mfano, daftari la matamko ya Rasilimali na Madeni ya Viongozi lipo wazi kwa kila mwananchi kuona na huuzwa kwenye duka la vitabu la Bunge.

Namsihi Sana Rais John Pombe Magufuli kusaidia kufanya mabadiliko makubwa ya Sheria ya maadili ya Viongozi ili kurejesha na kuboresha Miiko ya Viongozi katika kuimarisha vita dhidi ya ufisadi nchini. Rais aliahidi kuweka wazi Mshahara wake alipokuwa anazungumza katika kipindi cha 360 cha Clouds TV. Ninamkumbusha afanye hivyo na pia aweke wazi Mali, Madeni na Maslahi yake ya Kibiashara ili awe mfano kwa Viongozi wengine Nchini.

Kabwe Zuberi Ruyagwa Zitto, Mb

Kigoma Mjini

30/12/2016

FOMU ZA MAADILI KIONGOZI WA CHAMA 1/2

View this document on Scribd

FOMU ZA MAADILI KIONGOZI WA CHAMA 2/2

View this document on Scribd

 

 

 

Will the real Opposition emerge under Magufuli’s repressive CCM?

with 14 comments

Will the real Opposition emerge under Magufuli’s repressive CCM?

Zitto Kabwe

Magufuli a transformative or a perfectionist of status quo?

When President Magufuli was addressing a political rally in Manyoni Township, Singida region on the 29th July 2016, he referred to the opposition in Tanzania as a dying snake. He said “after you cut off a snake’s head, it keeps thrashing its tail. You may think it hasn’t died, but it has”. It appears that he believes the recent announced move of protests by the leading opposition party in Tanzania, CHADEMA, are signs of a dying party. He said “where are those parties? They are dead.” In the same rally he dared CHADEMA to go to the streets and demonstrate. The President threatened in ‘street’ Swahili “watakiona cha mtema kuni. Wasinijaribu. Sijaribiki.” Meaning he isn’t testable and he will crash them heavily.

CHADEMA announced a new operation called UKUTA, meaning an alliance against dictatorship in Tanzania. The Swahili word ‘ Umoja’, which I translated here as an alliance, is actually misused since it was the decision of one party. Even parties under UKAWA, a consortium of opposition parties that supports the people’s constitution, are not part of UKUTA. How CHADEMA ended up using the word Umoja is either a result of arrogance, ignorance or simply a lack of a proper word to have in an announce-able term UKUTA, which literarily means the WALL. President Magufuli may have interpreted the lack of an actual alliance as an indication of the fall of UKAWA, thus the snake parable.

The President is prone to issuing threats. He appears to enjoy it. In his coronation as the chairperson of CCM, he raised eyebrows when he said that had he been a CCM leader during its presidential primaries, he would have liquidated all CCM congress national executive members who were pro-Edward Lowassa. When the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces makes a remark like that, it is really threatening. If he cannot tolerate dissent within his own party what will he do to the opposition? The dead snake parable leaves a lot to be desired.

For years opposition activists and some political analysts have been predicting the end of the CCM regime. In the course of three elections, CCM’s popularity has been dwindling from 80% in the year 2005 to 61% in 2010 and 58% in 2015 (if we can take official Presidential elections results as an indication of overall party popularity). The last election was a clear test of CCM’s ability to maintain power as several of its influential members left for the opposition including two Former Prime Ministers who are now in CHADEMA. However, since the election of Magufuli as President and eventually the head of CCM, the party seems to be charting ways to survive. Will CCM survive? Will the opposition thrive? These are the questions I attempt to put to the readers of this article and our political analysts who are seemingly muted.

CCM is an authoritarian party in all sense and purpose. It is a dominant single party with some ability to adapt. President Kikwete’s methods of adaptation were through opening up; for example, allowing the Parliament to hold the Executive to account. He lost a prime minister following a parliamentary work and reshuffled his cabinet thrice, strengthened the National Audit Office and allowed free debate of the Controller and Auditor General (CAG) report of government accounts and did not hinder opposition parties to operate freely and organize. He faced criticism within CCM for being too liberal and later the opposition called him weak. Kikwete’s guided nomination of Magufuli as CCM presidential candidate is arguably one of his Machiavellian tactics of survival. President Magufuli in particular and CCM in general takes the opposite route to Kikwete. The true colours of an authoritarian, dominant CCM are starting to show.

Authoritarian parties like CCM have two main goals. First, to hold onto power by eliminating real and perceived threats. Second, to generate popular support in order to achieve development goals. In his book, The Dictator’s Dilemma, Bruce Dickson (2016) observes that the above goals are achieved through the survival strategy of legitimation, co-optation and repression.

President Magufuli’s legitimation process is through war on corruption, ambitious development agenda and straight talk to the population. After he came to power in November 2015, he launched a crackdown against corruption and has continued the crackdown ever since. He has as well announced anti corruption crackdown within CCM. His anti corruption platform has been a platform of the opposition for a decade. The author and his colleagues, like the former CHADEMA Secretary General, Wilbrod Slaa, used the parliament to legitimise opposition politics by raising corruption scandals and holding the government to account. The opposition in general and CHADEMA in particular lost the platform during the 2015 elections and literally handed it to the CCM candidate. Other parties like ACT Wazalendo had a more clear agenda on anti-corruption but its voice wasn’t heard in the campaign dominated by two candidates, one from CCM and the other a former CCM ex-Prime Minister running under the opposition alliance ticket of UKAWA. The CCM candidate was announced winner and he wasted no time in starting an anti-corruption agenda. He now owns it.

Tanzanians hated CCM because of, among other things, its inherently corrupt nature. The people of Tanzania have started to fall in love with the new no nonsense leader. He got them instantly and the opposition lost an agenda despite trying to discredit him on his lack of following due process. The opposition used elitist arguments. The common man and woman just wants action, not legal technicalities and that’s what the President is giving them.

President Magufuli sugarcoated the anti-corruption agenda with an ambitious development agenda. Every time he speaks he reiterates the industrialisation agenda. He uses a simple language that wananchi understand. Pockets of the urban-based, middle to upper class segments of the country see his agenda as unclear and largely ambiguous. But many more Tanzanians have swallowed the message as it is wholeheartedly. There is limited evidence of the President’s successful implementation of his development agenda. All projects he has opened to date are projects that were started under Kikwete. But citizens don’t care. Because he has won them on anti-corruption. The President currently talks about new aircrafts for dying Air Tanzania and people cheer while less than 5% of them fly. He got it. He won the narrative. The opposition lost it.

The President has embraced CCM cadres who lost the CCM primaries during the 2015 parliamentary elections. With this action, he has kept most members of the 11th parliament on their toes. Losers of the primaries are being ‘fed’ to be able to go back and contest against sitting members in the next election. Sitting members will now work to please the President so that, as the chairman of their party, he doesn’t cut them off during the nomination in 2020. In short, President Magufuli has created a shadow parliament of his own. The political genius many people underestimate. He now has a carrot and stick for Members of Parliament (MPs). He has a cat to threaten most of them. As a result, we will likely witness a parliament that becomes more toothless and subservient. Haven’t we already started seeing that?

Some sectors of society, sectors important to a vibrant and open democracy, face quiet co-option. Academia and media come to mind. Open repression is reserved for political parties. The President himself announced a ban on public rallies by political parties. The ban is completely unconstitutional and against political parties’ enabling legislation. In his address at Manyoni on the 29th July he clarified by allowing Members of Parliament to conduct rallies in their own constituencies and since he is the President he is the only one who can do rallies all over the country. This move is an effort to channel only one point of view to the public – that’s of the President and his party and in the process frustrate other parties into oblivion.

Under those circumstances many people have started to write obituaries for the opposition.

However, I would still argue that these circumstances are at times a necessary condition for the rise of real opposition politics. One-agenda politics must pave way for issues-based politics. Repression is conducive for likeminded members of the opposition parties to work together without worries. The liberal approach of President Kikwete created an environment of envy amongst comrades and a sense of ‘it is our time to eat’. It has had detrimental consequences for politics and development in the country, and for the welfare of the opposition.

The real opposition will have to engage in providing a critical analysis of the regime and offer an alternative policy. Issues like budget management will be critical as signs are out there that the fifth phase government will have more adverse audit opinion than any other before. Out of budget expenditures are rampant and more threatening is the drawdown of foreign reserve. It has never happened in the previous 20 years for the Tanzanian foreign reserve to decline and it was happening even before Magufuli started to implement his budget. US$500m has been withdrawn from our foreign reserve between November 2015 and June 2016. The amount remaining is enough to serve the country only for 3.6 months. The best practice for developing countries is to have a reserve enough to cover at least 6 months.

Tax revenues are still at the levels of the previous administration. High profile announcements of monthly revenues collection are no longer there because the taxman was collecting arrears and the government attacks ‘the chicken laying golden eggs’ i.e. the business community, without adequately investing in alternative sources of revenue for the country.

These are the issues the opposition must bring up. Well-articulated issues backed by expert evidence. Critical analysis of data and of government actions and reactions. The era of scandal-raising politics is over; the regime has co-opted it. Only politics of solutions can support the opposition now. The steady slide towards repression must be fought vehemently. But if the opposition does not articulate issues affecting the day to day lives of people, the repression will be supported by people. A coalition of likeminded people who have credentials to fight against corruption and articulate developmental politics must emerge and take up the ideological bankruptcy existing in the country now. Lack of issues and business as usual weaken the opposition and discredit most of our moves, including the recent UKUTA operation.

Once our modus operandi changes and we start tackling issues and articulate them, the real opposition will emerge, stronger and ready to govern.

Written by zittokabwe

August 3, 2016 at 11:19 AM

Aliyoyazungumza Zitto kuhusu kongamano la bajeti na yeye kusakwa na polisi @millardayo

with 6 comments

UCHAMBUZI WA BAJETI YA SERIKALI 2016/17 @ACTWazalendo @zittokabwe

with 2 comments

Written by zittokabwe

June 13, 2016 at 12:06 PM