Zitto na Demokrasia

Zitto na Demokrasia

Posts Tagged ‘StatOil

‘Oil and Gas: Fiscal Challenges of Tanzania’s Production Sharing Agreements (PSAs)-Tanzania Statoil Deal @statoilasa @exxonmobil @noradno

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September 3, 2014 at 2:04 AM

MKATABA WA GESI WA STATOIL NA TANZANIA

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MKATABA WA GESI WA STATOIL NA TANZANIA

Swali kwa TPDC: Kwanini Makubaliano ni tofauti na Mkataba Elekezi (Model PSA)?

Baada ya kuvuja kwa Mkataba wa kutafuta na kuzalisha Gesi Asilia (PSA) kati ya Serikali kupitia TPDC na Kampuni ya Norway ya StatOil na baada ya baadhi ya wachambuzi kuhoji kuhusu mkataba huo, Shirika la TPDC limetoa maelezo yake. Sio mara moja, sasa ni mara ya tatu. Kimsingi TPDC wanasema wachambuzi waliochambua nyongeza hiyo ya Mkataba hawana uelewa wa mambo haya na wanaleta siasa. Nadhani ni muhimu TPDC wakajikita katika kueleza kwa lugha ambayo wananchi wa kawaida wataelewa badala ya kusingizia uelewa wa watu katika masuala haya. Wizara ya Nishati na Madini haina uelewa wa pekee wa masuala ya Mafuta na Gesi kama wanavyotaka umma uamini. Kuna watanzania wengi tu wenye kufuatilia mambo haya na wenye uwezo mpana hasa katika masuala ya kodi katika tasnia hii. Ni wajibu wa TPDC kutoa maelezo yasiyo changanya wananchi na bora zaidi waweke mikataba hii ya Gesi na Mafuta wazi. Maelezo yaliyotolewa na TPDC mpaka sasa hayaeleweki na yana lengo la kuwachanganya wananchi kama sio kuwaongopea.

Swali la Msingi

Serikali kupitia “Model PSA” imeweka viwango vya mgawanyo wa mapato kati ya Mwekezaji na nchi. Viwango hivi ni vya mgawo wa mafuta au gesi asilia yanayozalishwa kwa siku. Mkataba huu elekezi upo kwenye tovuti ya Shirika la TPDC na ndio mwongozo wa majadiliano kwa mikataba yote. Kwa mujibu wa Mkataba huu elekezi uzalishaji wa gesi asilia unapokuwa wa chini kabisa (0 –249.999 MMscf kwa siku) mgawo kati ya Tanzania na Mwekezaji unakuwa ni nusu kwa nusu (50 – 50 ) baada ya mwekezaji kuondoa gharama zake zote za uzalishaji.

Iwapo uzalishaji umefikia hali ya juu kabisa ( 1500 MMscf na zaidi) mgawo wa Tanzania unakuwa asilimia 80 na Mwekezaji asilimia 20. Mwekezaji anaruhusiwa kuchukua mpaka asilimia 70 ya Gesi iliyozalishwa kufidia gharama za uzalishaji. Hivyo, kinachogawanywa ni asilimia 30 zinazobakia.

Mkataba uliovuja ( TPDC na StatOil hawajaukanusha) unaonyesha kuwa kiwango cha chini kabisa cha uzalishaji Serikali inapata asilimia 30 tu na Mwekezaji asilimia 70 licha ya kwamba tayari gharama zake keshajirudishia. Vile vile kiwango cha juu kabisa cha uzalishaji mgawo unakuwa sawa kwa sawa! Swali la msingi hapa ni, Kwanini makubaliano na kampuni hii ya StatOil yanaenda tofauti na Mkataba elekezi? Je, mikataba yote 26 imekwenda harijojo namna hii? Maswali haya bado hayajajibiwa na TPDC.

Tuelewe

Mkataba wa Gesi Asilia au Mafuta ni makubaliano ya kugawana mapato yanayotokana na kiwango kilichozalishwa. Katika maelezo yao TPDC wanaeleza kuhusu kodi ya mapato, mrahaba na kodi ya huduma. Kodi ya Mapato na kodi ya huduma ni kodi ambazo kila mfanyabiashara nchini anapaswa kulipa. Ikumbukwe kuwa imechukua miaka 20 na kelele nyingi sana mpaka kampuni za Madini kuanza kulipa kodi ya mapato na ushuru wa huduma. Mpaka leo hii bado Halmashauri za Geita na Kahama zinahangaika na kampuni za Madini kulipwa ushuru huu. Kampuni za Madini na za Mafuta hutumia mikakati ya kupanga kukwepa kodi (tax planning measures) kwa kutumia Tax Havens na Mikataba ya Double Taxation Treaties. Hivyo TPDC kusema tutegemee kodi ya Mapato ni sawa na kuimba kama kasuku na baada ya miaka 20 tutajikuta kwenye lawama zile zile za sekta ya Madini. Kwenye baadhi ya mikataba, kodi wanayolipa wawekezaji hukatwa kwenye mgawo wa TPDC na hivyo kodi hiyo hulipwa na TPDC na sio Mwekezaji kama tunavyoaminishwa na Serikali.

Kuhusu mrahaba wa asilimia 5 napo kuna tatizo kwani kwenye mikataba ya Gesi Asilia Mrahaba unalipwa na TPDC maana ndio mwenye leseni na sio Mwekezaji ambaye ni kandarasi tu. Mikataba kadhaa imeandikwa kwa namna ambayo Mwekezaji akilipa mrahaba, anajirudishia kwenye mapato ya Gesi kama gharama. Hivyo kimsingi mapato yetu ya uhakika ni kwenye mgawo wa uzalishaji. Ndio maana tunapiga kelele kuhusu mkataba huu wa StatOil kwenda kinyume na Mkataba mwelekezi wa Serikali.

Tutaambulia kiduchu sana

Kwa kuchambua Mkataba huu kati ya Tanzania na StatOil ya Norway hesabu zinaonyesha kuwa Nchi yetu itapata mgawo kiduchu sana. Chukulia uniti 1000 za gesi asilimia zimezalishwa kwa siku. Uniti 700 zinachukuliwa na Mwekezaji kufidia gharama za kuzalisha gesi hiyo na Uniti 300 zinazobakia Mwekezaji anachukua uniti 150 kama mgawo wake wa faida (profit gas). Hivyo Tanzania itabakia na uniti 150 tu kama mgawo wake, sawa na 15% tu ya Gesi Asilia yote iliyozalishwa katika siku hiyo. Iwapo Mkataba elekezi ungefuatwa Tanzania ingebakia na uniti 240 sawa na 24% ya gesi asilia iliyozalishwa.

Natoa rai kwa vyombo vya habari nchini kuandika masuala haya bila kuyumba maana yanahusu utajiri wa nchi yetu. Dhahabu imebakia mashimo kwa sababu Tanzania ililala na watawala kuandika mikataba ya hovyo. Tusilale kwenye Gesi Asilia. Wakati wa kutaka mikataba kuwa wazi ni sasa. Huu mmoja tu wa StatOil tunaweza kupoteza shilingi 1.6 trilioni, hiyo mingine 26 je? Nchi itabakia kweli? Tusikubali majibu mepesi. Tutake mikataba iwekwe wazi. Uwazi huleta uwajibikaji.

Zitto Kabwe, Mb

17 Julai, 2014

 

Mkataba wa Gesi umevuja: #Tanzania kupoteza shs 1.6 trilioni kwa mwaka – #Norway kujirudishia misaada yake yote nchini kupitia mkataba huu

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Mkataba wa Gesi umevuja: Tanzania kupoteza shs 1.6 trilioni kwa mwaka

–       Norway kujirudishia misaada yake yote nchini kupitia mkataba huu

 Zitto Kabwe, Mb

Mkataba wa mgawanyo wa mapato yanayotokana na uzalishaji wa Gesi Asilia (PSA) kati ya Shirika la Mafuta na Gesi Tanzania na Kampuni ya Mafuta ya Norway umevujishwa (https://onedrive.live.com/view.aspx?cid=0EC42B180C06D0B8&resid=EC42B180C06D0B8%21107&app=WordPdf). Toka Mkataba huo uvuje na kuanza mijadala kwenye mitandao ya kijamii, habari zake zimekuwa zinazimwa na hivyo kukosa kabisa mjadala mpana kitaifa na hasa kwa wananchi wenye rasilimali zao. Mwanzoni wengi wetu tulidhani (kwa makosa) kuwa tatizo la mkataba huu ni eneo la umiliki wa kampuni tu (shareholding) kulingana na namna ulivyowasilishwa, kumbe mgawanyo mzima wa mapato unakwenda kinyume na maelezo ya Serikali na TPDC kwa umma.

Mkataba uliovuja unaonyesha kwamba makubaliano ambayo Serikali imeingia na Wawekezaji hawa kutoka Norway yanaenda kinyume kabisa na mfano wa mkataba unaotakiwa kusainiwa (Model PSA). Kwa mujibu wa makala iliyoandikwa na jarida la mtandaoni ( http://africanarguments.org/2014/07/04/leaked-agreement-shows-tanzania-may-not-get-a-good-deal-for-gas-by-ben-taylor/ ) Tanzania itapoteza zaidi ya shilingi 1.6 trilioni kila mwaka kulingana na viwango vya uzalishaji wa gesi asilia katika Kitalu namba 2. Kitalu hiki kinamilikiwa na Kampuni ya StatOil ya Norway na kampuni ya ExxonMobil ya Marekani. Norway ni nchi inayosifika duniani kwa kupambana na rushwa na kwa kutumia vizuri rasilimali yake ya mafuta.

Uchambuzi nilioufanya kulingana na viwango vya mgawo wa mapato kati ya ‘model’ PSA na mkataba huu unaonyesha kwamba Tanzania itapata mgawo kiduchu sana na kinyume na mgawo unavyopaswa kuwa. Mgawanyo ni  kama ifuatavyo katika majedwali hapa chini; Ikumbukwe kuwa mgawanyo huu hupatikana baada ya mwekezaji kuondoa gharama zake za uzalishaji, kinachobakia ndio hugawanywa kati ya mwekezaji na Tanzania.

Jedwali 1 Mkataba wa mgawanyo wa Mapato unaopaswa kutumiwa na TPDC (Model PSA) katika Mikataba na Wawekezaji

Viwango vya uzalishaji kila siku (MMscf per Day) Mgawo wa TPDC (Profit Gas)  Mgawo wa Mwekezaji (Profit Gas)
0 249.999 50 50
250 499.999 55 45
500 749.999 60 40
750 999.999 65 35
1000 1249.999 70 30
1250 1499.999 75 25
1500 Above 1500 80 20

 

Jedwali 2 Mkataba wa mgawanyo wa Mapato kati ya TPDC na Statoil/ExxonMobil.

Viwango vya uzalishaji kila siku (MMscf per Day) Mgawo wa TPDC (Profit Gas)  Mgawo wa Mwekezaji (Share of Profit Gas)
0 299.999 30 70
300 599.999 35 65
600 899.999 37.5 62.5
900 119.999 40 60
1200 1499.999 45 55
1500 Above 1500 50 50

 

Ukilinganisha majdwali haya utaona kwamba mgawanyo wa mapato utafaidisha zaidi kampuni ya StatOil na ni kinyume kabisa na mkataba unavyopaswa kuwa.

Wakati mgawo wa nusu kwa nusu upo katika uzalishaji wa chini kabisa kwenye ‘model PSA’, kwenye mkataba wa StatOil mgawo huo upo kwenye uzalishaji wa juu kabisa. Ukilinganisha mgawanyo huu wa mapato, iwapo kiwango cha ‘model PSA’ kingetumika Tanzania ingepata shilingi 1.6 trilioni zaidi ya kiwango itakachopata kwenye mkataba wa sasa uliovujishwa. Hii ni kutokana na Bei ambazo Shirika la Fedha la Kimataifa limeweka katika uchambuzi wake (https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2014/cr14121.pdf ) kuhusu Gesi asilia ya Tanzania.

Kwa mujibu wa Mwandishi Ben Taylor katika makala iliyotajwa hapo juu, kiwango cha mapato ambacho Kampuni ya StatOil ya Norway itajipatia kutokana na mkataba huu wa kinyonyaji, katika kipindi cha miaka 15 ya kuzalisha Gesi Asilia nchini itakuwa ni sawa sawa na misaada yote ambayo Tanzania imepata kutoka Norway toka Tanzania ipate uhuru wake mwaka 1961. Tangu Tanzania ipate Uhuru Norway imetoa misaada ya thamani ya $2.5 bilioni, wakati kwa mkataba huu na Kampuni ya StatOil ambayo inamilikiwa na Serikali ya Norway, kwa miaka 15 watapata $5.6 bilioni. Kwa hiyo kwa miaka 7 tu Norway itakuwa imerudisha misaada yote yake mara mbili zaidi!

Kuvuja kwa Mkataba huu kumesaidia sana kuona ukweli wa matamko ya viongozi wetu kuhusu ni namna gani Tanzania itafaidika na utajiri wake wa gesi. Kama kwa mkataba huu mmoja tu Taifa litapoteza matrilioni ya fedha kiasi hiki, ipoje hiyo mikataba mingine 29? Hivi sasa ugunduzi wa Gesi Asilia nchini ni lita za ujazo trilioni 51 ambayo ni sawa na mapipa bilioni 10 ya Mafuta. Katika Gesi Asilia yote iliyopatikana nchini, StatOil peke yao wana jumla ya lita za uzajo trilioni 20, sawa sawa na mapipa ya mafuta bilioni 4 (zaidi ya mafuta yaliyogunduliwa nchini Uganda na Ghana kwa pamoja). Hata hivyo utajiri wote huu utainufaisha zaidi Norway na Marekani kupitia makampuni yao kuliko watu wa Tanzania. Watanzania watabakia wanapewa misaada ya vyandarua na mataifa haya ilhali wanafaidi Gesi Asilia yetu.

Natoa wito kwa Wizara ya Nishati na Madini kutoa tamko kuhusu mkataba huu kati ya Shirika la TPDC na StatOil. Vile vile Kampuni hii ya StatOil kutoka nchi rafiki mkubwa wa Tanzania ina wajibu wa kutoa maelezo ya kina kuhusiana na mkataba huu. Serikali ieleze ni hatua gani inachukua kurekebisha Mkataba huu. StatOil nao waeleze watachukua hatua gani kuhakikisha wanaacha unyonyaji huu mkubwa na wa aibu kwa Taifa la Norway.

Sasa ni wakati mwafaka Watanzania kuweza kuona mikataba yote ya Gesi na Mafuta ambayo Serikali imeingia na Wawekezaji. Uwazi wa Mikataba sasa. Nimewahi kuandika huko nyuma (https://zittokabwe.wordpress.com/2012/09/17/press-release-contracts-review-is-a-publicity-stunt-and-creation-of-unnecessary-uncertainty-in-the-sector/ ) kwamba njia pekee ya Watanzania kufaidika na utajiri wa rasilimali zao ni kuhimiza uwazi wa Mikataba. Mkataba huu wa StatOil uliovujishwa uwe ni chachu ya kulazimisha Serikali na Makampuni kuweka mikataba yao wazi. Tuanze mashinikizo haya sasa kwa faida ya vizazi vijavyo.

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July 6, 2014 at 11:02 AM

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Tanzania to lose up to $1b under StatOil PSA: Open these Oil and Gas Contracts

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Tanzania to lose up to $1b under StatOil PSA: Open these Oil and Gas Contracts

ZZK

Zitto Kabwe, MP

When news of the leaked Production Sharing Agreement (PSA) between Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC) and Norweigean State Company StatOil came out through social networks, the discussion was muted. When a blogger Ben Taylor wrote a brief about it, some of us saw how serious the issue is. According to the article http://africanarguments.org/2014/07/04/leaked-agreement-shows-tanzania-may-not-get-a-good-deal-for-gas-by-ben-taylor/ Tanzania may be losing up to $1 billion each year depending on the levels of production of natural gas. However, very few people may understand. Took a liberty to simplify the leak and comparing it with the Model PSA which shall be used as a benchmark for these contracts.

Q What exactly is the document?

The leaked document isn’t the PSA per se, but an addendum to the original PSA for Block 2 to take account of the fact that the discoveries are of natural gas, not oil.

The original PSA was agreed with Statoil in 2007 (source, Statoil website). This would have been under Minister Karamagi. The original PSA was presumably based on 2004 Model PSA (pdf). The addendum signed with Statoil was based on the Model PSA Addendum for Natural Gas, finalised in 2008 to take account of contract terms for gas.

The addendum was signed in February 2012, when William Ngeleja was minister.

Q So the leaked PSA is the same as the publicly available model?

For the most part yes, but for the most important part, no. The Model PSA Addendum sets out the following profit gas sharing ratios as seen in Table 1.

 

Table 1 Model PSA Addendum for Natural Gas suggested terms.

Tranches of daily total

Production rates in each of the Contract Areas (MMscf per Day)

TPDC Share of Profit Gas

 

Contractor Share of Profit Gas
0 249.999 50 50
250 499.999 55 45
500 749.999 60 40
750 999.999 65 35
1000 1249.999 70 30
1250 1499.999 75 25
1500 Above 1500 80 20

 

The actual agreed profit gas sharing terms are quite different, as seen in Table 2.

Table 2 Statoil agreed profit gas sharing terms as per leaked document.

Tranches of daily total

Production rates in each of the Contract Areas (MMscf per Day)

TPDC Share of Profit Gas

 

Contractor Share of Profit Gas
0 299.999 30 70
300 599.999 35 65
600 899.999 37.5 62.5
900 119.999 40 60
1200 1499.999 45 55
1500 Above 1500 50 50

 

Clearly, the agreed terms are much better for Statoil and Exxon than the proposed terms.

Q Any other significant terms in the agreement that differ from the model?

Yes. Article 8.1 (i) sets out the Domestic Market Obligation. Ten percent of production is to be reserved for the domestic market. This figure is not included in the model PSA Addendum. The model states that when the proven accessible reserves are determined, then the parties will agree on how much should go into the Gas Commercialisation Project (i.e. the LNG plant) and how much into the domestic market.

The question that arises from this is, by 2012, were the ‘proven reserves’ determined. If so, how much were they?

We know that BG is seeking to have their 10 percent market obligation reduced to zero. At a meeting with stakeholders late last year, they said it was the biggest issue between them and government.

So, are Statoil / Exxon also seeking to have the 10 percent domestic obligation removed?

Was the figure reasonable in the first place?

Q How does this leak affect the conversation about revenues?

Considerably. The IMF released a projection of revenues from LNG (. One key assumption made by that report is that cost recovery is capped at 70 per cent of production and that sharing is on the basis of a six step model with a lowest government share of 35 percent and a highest of 60 percent.

The 70 percent cost recovery limit is founded in the leaked PSA. However, the sharing ratio is quite different. The Model Addendum proposed a seven step model with government share ranging from 50 to 80 percent.

The actual Statoil / Exxon agreement is a six step model with government share ranging from a low 30 percent to just 50 percent at the highest levels.

This makes us ask the question, where did the IMF get the idea of using a six step model in the range of 35 to 60 percent shares for government, when the model was a seven step model ranging from 50 to 80 and the actual Statoil / Exxon agreement was a six step model, ranging from 30 to 50 for government share?

Q Have any other PSAs in Tanzania or the region been released?

In Tanzania, no PSAs have been released. However, Swala Energy in a prospectus they released last year (very big pdf) set out the substantive terms of the two PSAs they hold in Tanzania and the single PSA they hold in Kenya. This type of disclosure is common for small companies seeking to raise capital on stock markets. In fact, the information released in the Swala prospectus goes beyond what is in the leaked Statoil / Exxon addendum and includes the work programme and obligatory payments such as training levy etc.

In Kenya, the CAMAC PSA has been released to the New York Stock Exchange, again to facilitate raising capital. Typically large firms such Statoil or BG are not obliged by capital markets to release individual PSAs, as their overall business isn’t dependent on any single PSA. But small firms such as Swala or CAMAC are often obliged to do so when going to markets.

Q Is it fair that small firms like Swala have to release the terms of their PSAs but big firms like Statoil and BG do not?

Of course not!

Conclusions

For Tanzania to transform our wealth in natural resources to benefit the entire society, TRANSPARENCY must be a key. Let us make a campaign to make all these contracts in Oil and Gas open.

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July 4, 2014 at 3:50 PM

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Obama: Uwazi wa Mikataba, Lumumba

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Rais Barack Obama

Rais Barack Obama

Hatimaye Barack Obama, Rais wa Marekani anatembelea tena bara la Afrika. Hii itakuwa ni mara ya pili Obama kutembelea Bara hili alikotoka baba yake baada ya ziara yake ya kwanza mwaka 2009. Mwaka huo alitembelea Ghana na Misri ilhali mwaka huu anatembelea Senegali, Afrika Kusini na Tanzania. Ziara hiyo itakayoanza tarehe 26 mwezi Juni, itamfikisha Tanzania tarehe 1 Julai na kuondoka siku ya pili yake.

Uchaguzi wa Obama kuwa Rais wa Marekani ulipokolewa kwa shangwe Afrika nzima. Wakati Waziri wa mambo ya nje wa Nigeria alilia kwa furaha, nchi ya Kenya ilitangaza siku ya mapumziko na Rais wa zamani wa Afrika Kusini ndugu Nelson ‘Madiba’ Mandela alisema ‘ushindi wa Obama unawafanya Waafrika wathubutu kuota ndoto (Jarida la The Economist). Hapa Tanzania kulikuwa kuna shamra shamra za kila namna na magazeti yaliweka vichwa vya habari kana kwamba ni Rais wa Tanzania aliyechaguliwa. Waafrika walikuwa na matumaini makubwa sana na bwana Obama. Yamefikiwa?

Ni vema ifahamike kuwa Barack Obama ni Rais wa Marekani na siku zote atalinda maslahi ya Marekani tu. Kuwa na matumaini makubwa kwamba labda yeye angeliweza kuiweka Afrika mbele sana ilikuwa ni kujifurahisha tu nafsi. Maslahi ya Marekani ni ya kipaumbele kuliko kitu kingine chochote kwa Rais Obama. Kwa wengi Obama amekuwa kama amewavunja moyo.

Tanzania inapokea kiongozi wa Taifa kubwa duniani wa pili sasa ndani ya kipindi cha miezi 3 tu. Kwanza alikuja Rais wa China na sasa wiki hii anakuja Rais wa Marekani. Maneno ya mtaani na kwenye mabaraza ya majadiliano ni kwamba viongozi hawa wanakuja kugombea maliasili tulizo nazo kama gesi asilia na madini. Nadhani haya ni maneno ya kusema katika kupiga soga maana kunyonywa kwa rasilimali hakuhitaji Rais wa Marekani aje Tanzania. Makampuni yote makubwa yanayochimba dhahabu hapa nchini ni makampuni ya nje na marais wao hawakuja ili waweze kupata mikataba minono ya kuvuna utajiri wetu.  Katika kitalu namba 2 cha utafutaji wa mafuta na gesi huko Bahari Kuu kampuni ya kimarekani ya ExxonMobil ina ubia na kampuni ya Norway ya StatOil. Kampuni hiyo haikusubiri Rais wa Marekani aje ili wapate mikataba.

Kuna makampuni mengi sana ya kichina yanajenga barabara zetu hapa nchini yakiwa na mikataba minono sana. Kule Mchuchuma na Liganga kuna kampuni ya kichina inajiandaa na uchimbaji wa chuma na makaa ya mawe. Makampuni yote haya hayakusubiri Rais wao aje.

Hoja inayojengwa hapa ni kwamba ujio wa Marais mbalimbali nchini ni ujio wa kujijenga kidiplomasia na wakati mwingine kama sehemu ya kutuma ujumbe Fulani kwa dunia. Nchi inayotembelewa pia inaweza kuona kuwa diplomasia yake inaheshimiwa na mataifa yanayoitembelea.

Hata hivyo hii haiondoi ukweli kwamba Obama anakuja kwa ajili ya maslahi ya nchi yake kama ilivyo kwa wachina walivyokuja. Tumesikia Rais Obama ataambatana na mamia ya wafanyabishara kutoka Marekani kwa ajili ya kupata fursa za kuwekeza nchini. Pia tutasikia matangazo kuhusu msaada wa pili wa Millenium Challenge ambapo Wamarekani wanaendelea kumwaga pesa nchini kusaidia miundombinu lakini pia kushawishi kuungwa mkono na nchi zetu kwenye maamuzi Fulani Fulani jumuiya za kimataifa.

Tumesikia Obama atakwenda kutembelea mitambo ya kampuni ya Symbion. Hii ni mitambo ambayo miaka 4 iliyopita ilipigiwa kelele kuwa ni mitumba na hivyo TANESCO wasiinunue. Hawakununua na badala yake kampuni hiyo ya kimarekani ikainunua, wakaingia  mkataba na TANESCO kuwauzia umeme unaozalishwa na mitambo hiyo hiyo chakavu. Wakati tunasuburi kulipa takribani tshs 105 bilioni kwa Dowans baada ya kutubwaga kwenye kesi, tunasubiri kuona wanasiasa watakaokwenda kumsindikiza Obama kwenye matembezi hayo ya kutembelea mitambo chakavu.

Kampuni kubwa ya kutengeneza mitambo ya kuzalisha umeme ya GE imetangaza kuingia ubia na kampuni ya Symbion kuzalisha umeme nchini. Takribani 400MW zitazalishwa kutoka Mtwara na kuingizwa kwenye gridi ya Taifa. Pia sehemu kubwa ya umeme utakaozalishwa Mtwara tayari umepata soko kwenye kiwanda cha kuzalisha udongo ulaya (simenti) cha bwana Dangote kule Mtwara. Mtendaji Mkuu wa GE bwana Jeff Immelt ametangaza kuwa kampuni yake itauza mitambo ya kuzalisha umeme kwa kutumia gesi mingi zaidi Afrika Mashariki kuliko Marekani katika kipindi cha miaka mitatu ijayo. Ni biashara tu!

Nishati naona ni kipaumbele kikubwa sana kwa ziara ya Rais Obama. Kwa nchi kama yetu yenye watu asilimia 21 tu wenye umeme, ni dhahiri kipaumbele hiki watu wengi watakiiunga mkono. Hata hivyo Obama ni lazima asimame kidete kuhakikisha kuwa kampuni za nchini mwake zinazopata miakataba hapa nchini ziweke wazi mikataba hiyo na kulipa kodi inavyostahili. Makampuni ya mafuta kutoka Marekani hayana historia nzuri duniani na hivyo ni lazima tulisisitize mapema kabisa. Uwazi wa mikataba na uwezo wa kupambana na ukwepaji kodi ni muhimu sana katika vita dhidi ya Ufisadi na ubadhirifu.

Rais Obama atambue kuwa iwapo Tanzania ingekuwa inakusanya nusu ya kodi zinazokwepwa na makampuni makubwa yanayotumia mbinu kali, basi tungehitaji misaada ya Marekani na hapa nchini angekuja kama mbia wa kweli na sawa katika dunia. Hivyo ni vema aungane na Waziri Mkuu wa Uingereza kuhakikisha kuwa makampuni makubwa hayatumii ‘tax havens’ kukwepa kodi katika nchi kama Tanzania. Uwazi wa mapato yao na kilicholipwa kwa Serikali ni vema usisitizwe sana na Obama mwenyewe ili makampuni yao yasikie na yaache kupora utajiri wa Afrika kiujanja ujanja.

Patrice Lumumba

Mwisho ni vema kama Rais Obama ataomba radhi kwa ushiriki wa Marekani kwenye mauaji wa Waziri Mkuu wa kwanza wa Kongo Patrice Lumumba. Hivi Tanzania inahangaika zaidi ya uwezo wake kupeleka majeshi huko mashariki ya Kongo kulinda amani. Waafrika wengi tunaamini kuwa mauaji ya Lumumba ilikuwa ni kama laana kwa Taifa lile na hivyo limekuwa ni taifa la vurugu na vita licha ya utajiri mkubwa ulioko nchini humo. Nyaraka za CIA zinaonyesha dhahiri kuwa Rais wa Marekani wa wakati huo Lyndon Johnson aliagiza kuuwawa kwa mwanamapinduzi Patrice Lumumba. Kuwaomba radhi Waafrika na hasa Wakongo kuhusu mauaji ya Lumumba ni jambo litakaloweza kusaidia sana kurejesha amani Kongo.

Karibu Afrika, Karibu Tanzania ndugu Barack Hussein Obama.

Written by zittokabwe

July 1, 2013 at 8:56 AM