Zitto na Demokrasia

Zitto na Demokrasia

Posts Tagged ‘oil and gas sector in tanzania

Maandamano dhidi ya Bomba la Gesi: Kilio cha Uwajibikaji

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Maandamano dhidi ya Bomba la Gesi: Kilio cha Uwajibikaji

Maandamano dhidi ya Bomba la GesiPicha Hisani ya: Mtwara Kumekucha Blog by Baraka Mfunguo

Maandamano dhidi ya Bomba la Gesi
Picha Hisani ya: Mtwara Kumekucha Blog by Baraka Mfunguo

‘Dar inachangia asilimia 80 ya mapato. Kitovu cha Uchumi. Dar inachangia 90% ya ufisadi. Uti wa mgongo wa ufisadi nchini’

Malumbano kati ya wananchi wa Mtwara na Serikali kuhusu matumizi bora ya utajiri wa nchi yameendelea kwa takribani wiki moja sasa. Baada ya Mkuu wa Mkoa wa Mtwara na Waziri wa Nishati na Madini kuwaita Watanzania wa Mtwara Wahaini, wapuuzi na watu hatari, Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania naye aliingia kwenye mjadala huo kwa kuonya watu wanaowaunga mkono watu wa Mtwara na kuwaita watu wanaotafuta umaarufu wa kisiasa na wanaotaka kugawa nchi. Siku moja baada ya hotuba ya Rais, Waziri wa Nishati na Madini alifanya mkutano na waandishi wa habari kueleza suala lile lile ambalo bosi wake alilielezea usiku wa kuamkia mwaka mpya 2013. Hii ni dalili ya Serikali kuweweseka.

Katika kauli ya Serikali, ambayo haikuwa na jipya zaidi ya wimbo ule ule wa ‘kugawa nchi’ ‘umaarufu wa kisiasa’ nk, Serikali ilitaka kuonyesha umma kuwa watu wa Mtwara hawana shukurani. Kwamba miaka yote toka Uhuru watu wa Mtwara wamekuwa wakilishwa na Pamba, Kahawa, Chai, Tumbaku, Sukari, Kidatu nk. Kwamba watu wa Mtwara na Lindi hawakuchangia hata kidogo kwenye hazina ya Taifa. Hivyo wao kupigia kelele gesi yao ni uchoyo na roho mbaya na kukosa shukurani. Kauli ya Serikali ni kauli ya chombo kinachoendelea kukosa ‘legitimacy’ ya kuongoza taifa. Ni kauli ya kukata tamaa. Ni kauli hatari sana dhidi ya Watanzania waliojitolea damu kulinda uhuru wa nchi yetu.

Moja, Serikali katika kauli yake haitaji kabisa kwamba toka Uhuru watu wa Mtwara na Lindi wamekuwa wachangiaji wakubwa sana katika uchumi wa Taifa kupitia zao la Korosho. Takwimu za Uzalishaji wa Korosho zinaonyesha kwamba kuanzia mwaka 1965 mpaka 2011 Korosho imeliingizia Taifa fedha kigeni jumla ya dola za Kimarekani 4.58 bilioni ( Cashewnuts Sub-sector study 2003, Hali ya Uchumi 2012, Cashewnuts Tanzania Report 2010). Katika Mwaka wa Uchumi unaoishia Novemba 2012, Korosho imeliingizia Taifa jumla ya dola za Kimarekani 151 milioni. Katika mwaka 2011 zao hili liliingiza dola 130 milioni wakati Pamba iliingiza dola 53 milioni tu. Licha ya Zao la Korosho kuingiza fedha hizi za kigeni  (sawa ni shilingi trilioni 7.2) kwa nchi mikoa ya Lindi na Mtwara ipo miaka 50 nyuma kimaendeleo kulinganisha na mikoa mingine ya Tanzania. Serikali inataka kufuta historia ya mchango wa zao la Korosho kwenye uchumi wa nchi yetu kwa sababu ya uroho wa gesi asilia. Kwa nini kauli rasmi ya Serikali haijataja Korosho kabisa? Kauli hii ilipitishwa na ngazi zote za Serikali? Mawaziri wa Serikali wanaotoka mikoa ya Lindi na Mtwara walikubali kauli kama hii itoke dhidi ya wananchi wao wanaoteseka na zao la Korosho miaka nenda miaka rudi?

Pili, Serikali imesahau kabisa mchango wa watu wa Lindi na Mtwara katika ulinzi wa Taifa letu. Moja ya sababu ya mikoa ya Lindi na Mtwara kuwa nyuma kimaendeleo ni juhudi za ukombozi wa kusini mwa Afrika. Kambi ya wapigania uhuru wa Msumbiji ilikuwa Nachingwea. Kambi ya Frelimo iliwekwa kwenye Shamba la Mkonge kilometa 17 tu kutoka mjini Nachingwea ambapo ilikuwa makao makuu ya ukombozi wa Msumbiji. Rais Samora Machel, Rais Joaqim Chissano na Rais Guebuza waliendesha mapambano kutoka kusini mwa Tanzania. Makaburu wa Afrika Kusini na Wareno walikuwa wanashambulia nchi yetu na mikoa hii miwili ya Lindi na Mtwara ikawa ‘buffer zone’. Wakati Dar es Salaam inaendelea kwa kila aina ya maendeleo, mikoa ya Lindi na Mtwara ilikuwa inalinda ili wanaoishi Dar es Salaam na mikoa mingine waishi wa amani na starehe. Serikali inapimaje mchango huu wa mikoa hii? Tunaipima kwa fedha? Uroho wa gesi asilia kuzalisha umeme wa kufurahisha walalaheri asilimia 14 nchini ndio inaifanya Serikali kusahau kabisa ‘sacrifice’ ya watu wa Mtwara katika kulinda uhuru wa Taifa letu?

Tatu, Serikali inasema lazima bomba lije Dar es Salaam kwa sababu Dar ndio inazalisha asilimia 80 ya Mapato ya Serikali. Kwanza huu ni uwongo. Ni aibu Serikali kujitetea kwa uwongo. Dar es Salaam ni kituo tu cha kukusanyia mapato ya Serikali. Uzalishaji mkubwa wa nchi yetu wenye kuzalisha kodi unafanyika nje ya Dar es Salaam. Walipa kodi wakubwa wengi Ofisi zao Kuu zipo Dar es Salaam lakini uzalishaji wao unafanyika nje ya Dar es Salaam. Serikali itoe orodha ya walipa kodi wakubwa 100 tuone uzalishaji halisi wa mapato hayo unafanyika wapi. Hata hivyo inawezekana kuwa ikawa kweli Dar es Salaam inakusanya asilimia 80 ya mapato ya nchi. Basi na tuseme Dar es Salaam inachangia asilimia 90 ya ufisadi wote nchini. Kashfa zote kubwa za Ufisadi zinafanyika Dar es Salaam na fedha nyingi za ufisadi zinatumika Dar es Salaam.

Mwisho, maandamano ya watu wa Mtwara ni kielelezo tosha kwamba watu wa mikoa ya Lindi na Mtwara wamechoshwa na longolongo za Serikali. Wananchi wa Mtwara na Lindi wanataka Uwajibikaji wa Serikali kuhusu utajiri wa nchi. Mtanzania yeyote mwenye tahadhari ya nchi yetu kutokuwa na laana ya rasilimali ataungana mkono na watu wa Lindi na Mtwara kudai maendeleo. Nilitoa mfano wa Mgodi wa Golden Pride ambao umemaliza dhahabu yote tani 76 katika eneo la Lusu wilayani Nzega. Kampuni ya Resolute ya Australia iliwekeza dola 370 milioni kuanzia mwaka 1998 (mkataba wao ulisainiwa 25th June 1997). Katika kipindi cha uhai wa mgodi, miaka 14,  Kampuni hii imeuza dhahabu ya thamani ya dola za kimarekani 3.3 bilioni. Kabla Serikali haijawaita watu Mtwara wahaini, wapuuzi na watu hatari, iwaambie watu Watanzania kodi kiasi gani imekusanywa kutoka mgodi huu katika kipindi cha miaka 14. Mpaka mwaka 2008, kwa mujibu wa Taarifa ya Kamati ya Bomani, kampuni hii ilikuwa imelipa mrahaba wa dola 11 milioni na kodi nyingine dola 16 milioni. Serikali itwambie ilipofika Disemba 2012 kodi kiasi imekusanywa kutoka kampuni hii?

Pia watu wa Mtwara na Lindi wameona historia ya bomba la Songosongo. Hata kodi ya Halmashauri ya Wilaya ya Kilwa (0.3%) ilikuwa inalipwa Halmashauri ya Manispaa Ilala na kampuni ya Pan Africa Energy. Ilichukua juhudi za mbunge wa Kilwa Kaskazini Murtaza Mangungu kuingilia kati ndio kodi ikaanza kulipwa Kilwa ambapo uzalishaji unafanyika. Watu wa Mtwara ni werevu, wanajua wafanyalo. Wanataka utajiri wa nchi unufaishe nchi kwa kuanzia kule utajiri ulipo. Kuna dhambi gani?

Uwajibikaji katika uvunaji wa Rasilimali ya Gesi ndio chanzo cha maandamano ya watu wa Mtwara. Serikali isikimbilie kulaumu wanasiasa kwamba ndio wamechochea maandamano haya. Haya ni maandamno ya wananchi wakitaka Serikali yao iwajibike kwao. Serikali ithubutu kufanya ubabe wa kujenga bomba la gesi bila ridhaa ya Wananchi wa Lindi na Mtwara. Wananchi wanapohitaji uwajibikaji ni wajibu wa Serikali kuwajibika kwao ni sio kuwaita wahaini, wachochezi, watu hatari, wapuuzi. Watu wa Mtwara wamechangia maendeleo ya Taifa letu kwa jasho na damu. Serikali ina wajibu wa kuwasikiliza, kuwaelimisha na kupata mwafaka. Kauli ya Serikali imewatukana watu wa Mtwara na Lindi. Hawatakubali kudhalilishwa. Hawatakubali historia yao kufutwa. Hawatakubali waendelee kubaki nyuma kimaendeleo. Serikali ifikirie tena.

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Written by zittokabwe

January 3, 2013 at 2:10 PM

Hope out of Relative Frustrations

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Yesterday in the company of my fellow parliamentarians Hon. Nasir from Korogwe, Hon. David Kafulila from Kigoma South and Hon. Sarah Msafiri Special seats Morogoro we started our  study tour to The Kingdom of Netherlands to learn more on their oil and gas sector and what best practices we can draw from them.

Our first briefing of the day on the Dutch Oil and Gas sector was  how licensing is done and how revenue is collected and managed. We were informed that the Dutch government receives a total of 11bn Euros as state revenue from the sector as of last year. They collect 85% of the total revenue from Oil and Gas from Groningen field (the biggest field in Europe). Out of this 45% is from taxes collected from Oil and Gas Companies (largely Shell and ExxonMobil) and 40% from taxes and dividend from the State Oil and Gas company EBN. For other fields the state receives between 40% and 65% of the total revenue. In all licences except in old ones the state has shares and participates in companies. The Dutch don’t use Production Sharing System (PSA) as is the case in Tanzania whereby companies are largely contractors. The biggest advantage of a PSA system is that the State remains the owner of the resource. However, the revenue implications of either system, Dutch or Tanzanian, are minimum and largely semantic. It is all about GOVERNANCE – Transparency and Accountability of the whole sector.

We also had the pleasure of meeting the Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Maxime Verhagen. Took the opportunity to extend sincere greetings from the people of Tanzania and reiterate that our Cooperation shall be sustainable and mature – a partnership of equals, unlike the donor-recipient status quo.

I reminded him about our proven natural gas reserves so far nears 19 Trillion Cubic Feet(TCF) with the recent discoveries from five wells owned by the BritishGas/Ophir partnership (11 TCF), StatOil discoveries from one well (5.3 TCF) and the remaining smaller discoveries at Songosongo, MnaziBay, Mkuranga and Nyuni in Kilwa district.

I expressed to the Deputy Prime Minister about our desire to see Tanzania as a country in Africa whereby resource wealth goes hand in hand with democracy and development of the people of Tanzania. Echoing the vigor and desires of many of the up and coming young leaders in Tanzania who are committed to creating a new kind of leadership that is people centered and gives hope to the masses. That it is possible for an African country to be rich in Oil and Gas and still be properly governed and is democratic. And that it is possible to use the country’s vast resource wealth in the development of the people of Tanzania. That we don’t want to repeat mistakes of others (including Nigeria which lost billions of Petrodollars and the Dutch on ‘dutch disease’) and not repeating the same mistakes as we did  in Mining sector.

The Deputy Prime Minister assured us of the readiness on his government to support us in developing our Natural gas sub-sector especially through human resources development. This agenda was further discussed at the foreign ministry and it was generally agreed to establish a Scholarship Program for Tanzanians on Oil and Gas in order to increase our pool of experts in the sector.

He suggested that Tanzania uses its natural gas reserves towards infrastructure development and cutting down on the national debt for the benefit of the future generation. He explained to us the desire of the Netherlands to be a “Gas Hub” of Europe through developing Ports for LNG like the one in Amsterdam.

The delegation continues with the visit on Tuesday by visiting various natural gas facilities. We are determined to learn and transfer the knowledge into our new policy for Natural gas, Gas Master plan and Petroleum Revenue management legislations and strategies.

I am optimistic out of existing relatively murky frustrations. Tanzania has a great FUTURE ahead. We must build the future we want. Our preparedness and building oversight institutions are fundamental for proper managing of these resources.

Committed to working towards a democratic and prosperous United Republic of Tanzania that is endowed with massive gas reserves Natural Gas (United republic of Natural Gas).