Zitto na Demokrasia

Zitto na Demokrasia

Archive for the ‘President Dr.Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete’ Category

Developmental Ethiopia surges forward. ‘Democratic’ Tanzania lags behind. Rethinking @jmkikwete @PMMelesZenawi @PaulKagame

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Ethiopia Growth and Transformation Plan

Ethiopia is trending. The AfricaReport of May 2012 had Meles Zenawi on its cover page with the heading ‘The rise and rise of Ethiopia’. NewAfrican of the same month had Special Report on Ethiopia with an article ‘from bankrupt to middle-income’ and The Economist had, on its Finance and Economics section, a balanced article on ‘investing in Ethiopia’. Of course the World Economic Forum Africa took place in Addis Ababa so the coverage of the country was expected. Tanzania hosted the same and the content of the coverage was not as trending as Ethiopia though.

Both countries are comparable in some key areas. Ethiopia will have largest population in Africa after Nigeria in the year 2050 with 174 million people. Tanzania will be the fourth most populous country in Africa with 109 million inhabitants.

Ethiopia will be the third biggest Economy in Africa South of Sahara in 15 years (as per estimates by Standard Chartered) with GDP of USD 472bn. Tanzania will be sixth biggest economy with GDP of less than USD 150bn trailing Kenya. But Ethiopian GDP will not be sourced from natural gas but Agriculture and manufacturing which have stronger linkages within different sectors of the economy.

Both Tanzania and Ethiopia have developed their economic Blueprints. The Ethiopian one is called the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) while in Tanzanian we have the Five Years Development Plan (FYDP). Reading the contents of both plans motivated this brief article.

From the Ethiopian GTP one sees ambition and well thought blueprint contrary to our Tanzanian one which is not as inspiring as it is supposed to be and seems to be relatively a collection of projects ie a wish list. Take an example of Power sector.

Ethiopia is expected to increase electricity generation fivefold in five years to 10,000MW. They have a USD 5bnGrand Millenium Dam as a national flagship project. Tanzania plans to generate less than 3000MW of electricity (2780MW) by 2015 and without any major national flagship project. Some would argue the Gas pipeline from Mtwara to Dar es Salaam to be one but The Five Years Development Plan does not include the gas pipeline. This is evidence of the ad hoc tendency in our Tanzanian planning. Taking an example following the emergency power plan, the pipeline idea propped up and was adopted.

While in Ethiopia all Public Entreprises are involved in Planning, here in Tanzania planning is poorly coordinated. There is no policy to guide Public Enterprises role in national development. In Tanzania for instance a point I have made time and time again some Public Enterprises would play a very significant role in the energy sector.

Ethiopia’s Growth and Transformation Plan clearly defines infrastructure targets and  social targets. One of the strategic investments done by private sector (from China) is the women’s shoes manufacturing factory by Huajian Group. With this factory, Ethiopia will be exporting USD 4bn worth of footwear every year. Prime Minister Meles Zenawi banned exports of raw hides and skin and insisted on value addition within the country to create jobs and increase value of the exported products. Contrary in Tanzania leather industry is dying as traders export raw hides and skin to countries like Pakistan and Vietnam. Tanzania’s plan lacks innovative ideas like this and sector targeting is not well articulated.

And this builds on an already existing Ethiopian shoe industry. Walk through Addis Ababa’s Piazza shopping district and you cannot miss the shops selling Ethiopian made shoes targeting a local market.

The Budget for implementation our economic blueprint is TZS 43.7 trillion as a quote from the plan shows;

“In order to fulfil the activities outlined in the priority areas, the Plan identifies a range of strategic activities, the responsible organs and the cost of implementation amounting approximately to TZS 43.7 trillion over the next five years; an average of TZS 8.7 trillion per annum exclusive of recurrent budget, of which TZS 2.7 trillion will have to be mobilized annually by the Government.”

Forecasts for 2012/2013 budget shows relatively no money for implementation of the Plan. Spending cuts badly undermine implementation of the plan as less than TZS 2 trillion has been set aside for 2012/2013 Budget. Again the role of private sector (local and foreign) as well as Public Enterprises in implementation of the Plan is vague.

As for the Ethiopians, the government and public enterprises will spend USD 71.7 Billion over a period of five years and spending is in order. The Plan is being implemented. From Ethiopia one sees thinking, sequencing and focus. Money follows the Plan. The Leadership has ambition and pragmatism.

On another angle, Tanzania is more open and democratic; leadership allowing dissent and press is free. Regardless of positive democratic credentials Tanzania lags behind in efforts to end poverty. The paradox of a fast growing economy without cutting poverty (growing economy with increasing poverty and inequality) still puzzles Tanzanian policy analysts. Is it enough having flourishing democracy with people deeply impoverished?

The linkages between Democracy and Development has been a debate and is still a huge and sometimes controversial debate. Malaysia and Singapore as well as China are always pointed out as countries which embraced little or no democracy and uplifted their people from poverty. Ethiopian leadership strongly argues for a developmental state and less emphasis on democracy. Ethiopia is trending now and things are not only happening but seen to be happening. Meles Zenawi strongly argue for a Developmental State Model. Tanzania should add ‘democratic’ before the other D word.  Is time for a democratic developmental state as a model for Tanzania?

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To the Ministers-Nothing to Celebrate, go to work

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Mawaziri, hakuna sherehe, nendeni mkawajibike!

Rais Jakaya Kikwete akitangaza Baraza jipya la Mawaziri, Ikulu jana.

Juhudi za kurejesha misingi ya uwajibikaji katika utumishi wa umma zimeanza kuzaa matunda Baada ya Rais kutekeleza shinikizo la Bunge la kuwafukuza kazi baadhi ya Mawaziri ambao Wizara zao zimetuhumiwa kwa ubadhirifu wa fedha za umma, rushwa na utendaji mbovu. Mawaziri 6 wamefukuzwa kazi baada ya kugoma kujiuzulu wao wenyewe, manaibu Waziri 2 wamefukuzwa pia.

Ndugu George Mkuchika alitakiwa kujiuzulu, akajiuzulu lakini Rais amemrudisha kwenye Baraza kama Waziri wa Utawala Bora. Yeye nampongeza kwani hakuwa na makuu ya kuanza kujitetea kama wengine. Atakuwa ametoa funzo kwa wenzake.

Kwa kawaida wateule hufanya sherehe kwa kuteuliwa kwao. Nitawashangaa watakaofanya sherehe safari hii kwani hakuna cha kufurahia. Nitawashangaa Watakaokwenda kuapa na Maua kwa furaha kwani furaha itakuwa ya muda mfupi tu. Mkutano wa Bunge wa Bajeti ni mwezi ujao tu na Wateule wote watakuwa kikaangoni. Too short honeymoon.

Hakuna cha kusherehekea kwa sababu nchi in changamoto nyingi sana. Changamoto ya kuzalisha umeme wa kutosha na kuusambaza kwa wananchi wengi, changamoto ya kukuza uchumi wa vijijini na kukuza uzalishaji viwandani ili kutengeneza ajira kwa vijana, changamoto ya kuongeza mapato ya Utalii kutoka katika hifadhi zetu na kuvutia watalii zaidi katika nchi yetu.

Nimewapigia simu wateule wengi na kuwaambia, siwapi pongezi Bali nawatakia kazi njema. Nawatakia uwajibikaji mwema. Uwajibikaji ndio msingi wa kupambana na rushwa, uvivu na uzembe.

Kwa Waziri wa Fedha, ambaye mimi ni Waziri Kivuli wake (Kama Kiongozi wa Upinzani Bungeni hataniwajibisha pia), namwambia uteuzi wake ni changamoto kubwa sana katika maisha yake.

Hivi sasa eneo lenye Bajeti kubwa kuliko zote nchini ni huduma kwa Deni la Taifa (services to national debt). Lazima kuangalia upya Deni la Taifa. Hivi sasa Deni la Taifa ukijumlisha na Dhamana za Serikali (government guarantees) limefikia tshs 22trn mpaka Desemba 2011. Nimewahi kutaka ukaguzi Maalumu katika ‘account’ ya Deni la Taifa. Linarejea wigo huu. Tunalipa takribani 1.9trn tshs kwa mwaka kuhudumia Deni la Taifa. Zaidi ya Bajeti ya miumbombinu, Afya, Maji, Umeme nk.

Mfumuko wa Bei, misamaha ya kodi na kodi zinazozuia watanzania kujiajiri ni changamoto kubwa sana Wizara ya Fedha lazima ihangaike nayo.

Usimamizi wa Mashirika ya Umma kupitia Ofisi ya Msajili wa Hazina na hasa usimamizi wa Hisa za Serikali katika kampuni binafsi ni masuala yanayohitaji masuluhisho sasa na sio baadaye.

Kwa Mwalimu wangu Dkt. Mwakyembe, utakumbukwa kwa Jambo moja tu. RELI. ‘make our Railway system work‘. Hutakuwa na ‘legacy’ nyingine isipokuwa Reli maaana Bandari bila Reli ni sawa na Bure.

Tunatumia zaidi ya tshs 300bn kwa mwaka kukarabati barabara wakati tunahitaji tshs 200bn kukarabati Reli iweze kusafirisha mzigo kwenda Bandarini na kutoka Bandarini.

Ndio maana nasema hakuna Jambo la kusherehekea maana wajibu mliopewa na Rais ni mtihani mkubwa kwenu katika kulitumikia Taifa letu. Msipowajibika, mtakumbwa na fagio la chuma!

Mkisha kula kiapo, kimbieni kazini. Nothing to celebrate. Hit the ground running.

ZZK

Dar-es-Salaam

Jumamosi, Mei 5 2012

Press Release: Mkulo apishe uchunguzi

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 TAARIFA KWA VYOMBO VYA HABARI

Waziri wa Fedha ndugu Mustafa Mkulo akae pembeni kupisha uchunguzi dhidi yake kuhusu Shirika la CHC.

Katika Mkutano wa Nne wa Bunge la Kumi kulitokea malumbano makali kati ya  Serikali na Wabunge wajumbe wa Kamati ya Hesabu za Mashirika ya Umma kuhusu kuongezwa muda wa Shirika la CHC. Wakati Waziri wa Fedha alileta Azimio la kulivunja Shirika hili lenye taarifa nyingi na nyeti kuhusu zoezi la Ubinafsishaji, Kamati ya Bunge ya POAC kutokana na uzoefu wake wa kukagua mahesabu ya Mashirika ya Umma na kufuatilia zoezi la Ubinafsishaji wa Mashirika ya Umma, ilipinga hatua hii na kulitaka Bunge kukataa Azimio la Serikali na kulifanyia marekebisho makubwa. Hatimaye Bunge liliridhia kufanya mabadiliko makubwa katika Azimio la CHC, kwa kuamuru Shirika lipewe uhai wa miaka 3 na kuagiza uchunguzi wa namna bora ya kuendesha shughuli za Shirika la Consolidated Holdings. Mapendekezo ya Kamati ya POAC ni kulifanya Shirika hili kuwa la kudumu na kulipa jukumu la kumiliki na kusimamia uwekezaji wa Serikali kwenye kampuni binafsi (National Investment Agency) kama ilivyo Shirika la Tamasek ya Singapore na Shirika la Khazana ya Malaysia. Kwa sasa Uwekezaji wa Serikali katika Kampuni binafsi unasimamiwa na Hazina na usimamizi wake ni mbovu na hauleti tija kwa Taifa.

Kitendo cha kushindwa kwa hoja Bungeni kiliifedhesha Serikali na hivyo kwa kupitia Wizara ya Fedha kuamua kulihujumu Shirika kwa kumsimamisha Mkurugenzi wake Mkuu kwa makosa ya kimajungumajungu na kwa kuzusha kwamba CHC iliwahonga wabunge ili kuitetea.  Waziri wa Fedha ndugu Mustafa Mkulo alilitaarifu Bunge kuwa Bodi ya CHC imeomba ukaguzi maalumu kuhusu tuhuma za ubadhirifu ndani ya Shirika hilo. Niliitaka Serikali ichunguze pia tuhuma kwamba Kamati ya POAC ilihongwa na kuahidi kuahidi kujiuzulu nyadhifa zangu zote ikithibitika.

Katika Uchunguzi wake Mdhibiti na Mkaguzi Mkuu wa Heabu za Serikali kwa kupitia Kampuni ya Ernest and Young walitaka kufanya mahojiano na Waziri wa Fedha juu ya tuhuma mbalimbali zinazomkabili ndani ya CHC. Waziri Mkulo alikataa kuhojiwa na wakaguzi na badala yake akaandika barua (kumb TYC/B/70/2/03 ya Oktoba 8, 2011) yenye kujibu tuhuma moja, tena kwa juu juu, kuhusu yeye kuliamuru Shirika kuuza kiwanja cha Shirika bila kufuata taratibu za sheria. Wakati Waziri anakanusha kuliagiza Shirika kuuza kiwanja kwa mtu aliyemtaka yeye, mimi nina ushahidi tosha wa Nyaraka kutoka Hazina, kwa mfano barua TYC/A/290/13/4 ya Machi 9, 2011 ambayo inawagiza CHC kutekeleza agizo la Waziri la Fedha kuhusu kiwanja na. 10 barabara ya Nyerere. Vilevile, nina ushahidi wa mkutano uliofanyika huko Morogoro Hotel kati ya Waziri wa Fedha na Mwenyekiti wa Bodi ya CHC kuhusu jambo hilo.

Siku mbili baada ya kumjibu CAG, Waziri wa Fedha ndugu Mustafa Mkulo aliamua kutengua uamuzi wake wa kuongeza muda wa Bodi ya Shirika la CHC mpaka mwezi Disemba 2011 na hivyo kuivunja. Uamuzi huu wa Waziri una lengo la kuficha ukweli kwani CHC bila Bodi ya Wakurugenzi inaendeshwa na Hazina na hivyo taarifa ya ukaguzi itabidi ipelekwe Hazina ambayo Waziri wake ni mtuhumiwa.

Uchunguzi wa kina

Ninapendekeza uchunguzi wa kina ufanyike kwa kutumia vyombo vya dola na hasa TAKUKURU kuhusu tuhuma hizi dhidi ya Waziri wa Fedha na alazimishwe  kisheria kujibu maswali ya wakaguzi (Auditors) kuhusu tuhuma dhidi yake.

Wakati uchunguzi unaendelea ndugu Mustafa Mkulo asimamishwe kazi ya Uwaziri wa Fedha hadi hapo uchunguzi utakapokamilika. Kitendo chake cha kuiamuru Bodi kumsimamisha kazi aliyekuwa Mkurugenzi Mkuu kwa tuhuma za kutunga na majungu na baadaye kuvunja Bodi ya CHC wakati inasubiri taarifa ya uchunguzi kutoka kwa CAG ni kuingilia uchunguzi na pia ni matumizi mabaya ya Ofisi ya Umma ili kulinda maslahi binafsi. Ni dhahiri akiendelea kuwa Waziri wa Fedha ataharibu uchunguzi.

Vilevile, Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania ndugu Jakaya Kikwete aangalie kama anaitendea haki nchi na Uchumi wa nchi kwa kuwa na Waziri wa Fedha ambaye anasema uwongo Bungeni bila kuogopa na mwenye kutumia Ofisi yake vibaya kwa kuchukua maamuzi yanayoingilia uchunguzi unaomhusu ili kujilinda.

Taarifa ya Uchunguzi ikabidhiwe kwa Spika

Kutokana na ukweli kwamba suala la CHC lilianzia Bungeni na hata Waziri mwenyewe kukiri kuwa taarifa ya uchunguzi inapaswa kuwekwa wazi. Kutokana na matokeo ya sasa ambapo Waziri wa Fedha mwenyewe ana tuhuma za kujibu na kwamba hivi sasa hakuna Bodi ya Wakurugenzi ya Shirika na hata itakayoundwa itateuliwa na Waziri mtuhumiwa ninashauri kuwa taarifa ya uchunguzi wa Shirika la CHC sasa ipelekwe kwa Spika wa Bunge kwa hatua zaidi.

Kabwe Zuberi Zitto, Mb

Waziri Kivuli wa Fedha na Uchumi

Dar es Salaam, 13 Oktoba, 2011.

THE BIRTH OF A NEW NATION: THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN (Pictures and text courtesy of Freddy Maro-State House)

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The CHADEMA MP,Zitto KABWE congratulates the first South Sudan President General Salva Kiir Mayardit in Juba shortly after he was introduced by President Dr.Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete(in the background).Hon Zitto Kabwe was part of the Tanzanian presidential entourage to the celebrations to mark the birth of the Republic of South Sudan.(Pictures and text courtesy of Freddy Maro-State House)

President Dr.Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete congratulates the first South Sudan Republic President General Salva Kiir Mayardit in Juba yesterday afternoon. Looking on, are the first Lady Mama Salma Kikwete and the Great Lakes Region Secretary General Ambassador Liberata Mulamula (Pictures and text courtesy of Freddy Maro-State House)

The South Sudan President General Salva Kiir Mayardit welcomes to Juba President Dr.Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete shortly after he arrived to participate in the celebrations to mark the birth of the new Republic of South Sudan. (Pictures and text courtesy of Freddy Maro-State House)